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  • Ariel Sánchez Rojas

Why does psychodrama improve school relationships? Part 2

In our last blog we explained that psychodrama is a therapeutic technique that integrates the body, emotions, thought and behavior, and that in this space we intensify feelings and emotions to relive, in a safe context, difficult experiences. the person to correct them with new experiences. We explain how in these experiences we enter into non-verbalized representations, encounters with people not present, representations in time of aspirations, and other things that each of our teachers and students experience. Also, when we should use it.

In this article we will talk about how to use it and its types. In this dramatization we find several types: exploratory, descriptive, expressive, elaborative, demonstrative and defensive.

The exploratory seeks to reveal conflicts, people's defense mechanisms, and expectations; Here we want to understand the characteristics and problems of the person who will present. In the descriptive we seek to define a reconstruction of events, which means that the speaker is aware of what he wants to relive and wants to transform for himself.

In the expressive we look for dramatic meanings to verbalize unverbalized experiences, such as the absence of something that generates an uncontrollable void. In the elaborative it is the (re)presentation of something that has already been experienced and represented, but with new insights with details and new aspects of the topic. In the demonstration we are transmitting knowledge that must be transformed into insight in the exhibitor; here we help you reach a new emotional place. And on the defensive is when we find those who want to repeatedly dramatize the same type of conflict, or those who seek to appear repeatedly in the same role; someone who is avoiding the real conflict.

Now, how do we know which one to use in our ethical, social or coexistence activities? For this we have to understand the student's profile, their socio-emotional strengths and weaknesses, their relationship with reality, your emotional awareness, coping strategies and level of empathy. We have to identify how they relate to the conflict, in order to identify how to enhance their coexistence skills.

Understanding whether you are afraid of lack of control, ridicule, showing off or making mistakes are the challenges that we will encounter in these activities and that is why we have to be responsible in their management, assignment and support.

Well, the objective of dramatization is to reconstruct (difficult) moments so that the person can do things differently than what they did in the original scene; in such a way that you can repair that conflict from the past; and improve their relationship with their classmates and other school stakeholders.


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