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  • Ariel Sánchez Rojas

How much is our socio-emotional literacy rate in an all-knowing society?

In 2020, UNESCO published that in Colombia we have a literacy rate of 95.64% and we are 68th in the world ranking. How much will our social-emotional literacy be? What ranking will we be in?

Statistically we know many answers from the educational system. For example:

  1. We know that the reasons for dropping out of school are multiple, but the probability that it is due to bullying is the highest. In schools, 7 out of 10 students suffer from bullying, and of these, 40% of students who suffer from bullying at school plan to withdraw or withdraw during their school life (age 14).

  2. We know that if we look for the answer in patterns, behaviors or customs (from the sociology of violence) we find the presence of hatred, intolerance and attacks against minority groups. We see that the "bully" He is sometimes dressed as a hero. That the pastime of some becomes one in store environments and intoxicating drinks, in playing ambushes, in groups on the margins or parallel to the law.

  3. We know that the actions of young people end in insecurity, inferiority and frustration; and in the worst cases in hatred, destruction and violence. Then, they are presented with a lack of inner harmony that complicates their relationships over time. An immediate tendency to predominance: to surpass one's peers by courage, to emerge unscathed in compromises, to be a "ghost" when something happens. Violence becomes an almost irresistible psychic compensation for adventure, wandering, assault as a substitute for play and the affirmation of manhood.

  4. We know that national coverage, in 2021, decreased by 3.75%. That in Preschool fell 7 percentage points from 60.5% to 53.6%. 22,690 fewer entered Primary; and in secondary school the rate increased by 1.42%. Also that 1 in 3 departments does not have 100% coverage, meaning that not all students are going to study (a vital minimum right)

  5. We know that 11% of students failed their academic year, and that 333,680 dropped out of the educational system.

  6. We also know that education represents 9.5% of monthly household expenses and 14% in urban centers (according to the National Household Budget Survey). That the average cost of families is COP$1,228,943 for a single time, and an average monthly expense of COP$790,214 in private education; and COP$203,806 in a single payment and a monthly cost of COP$241,357 per student for public education.

We know costs, numbers, figures, desertions, failures and everything that administrative statistics allows us to know. The Student Enrollment System for Basic and Secondary Education (SIMAT) of the Ministry of National Education offers us the information we need,

But who tells us how we are socio-emotionally? How are we in citizen competencies? How do we relate as humans, as friends, as colleagues, as family?

Yes, today we know that bullying is silent because it is difficult for those in charge of school coexistence or well-being to know who does it, who suffers it, its frequency and when it happens. We also know that the lack of action on the part of institutions and families causes students to drop out and affects not only their friendships, but also their educational process. We know that dropout and failure generate costs in the student's education.

But it is not enough. It is the duty and right of everyone, especially schools, to know how our children are doing and how they can learn to manage their anger, develop empathy, learn to communicate and listen, be tolerant of frustration and know how to ask for help. It seems simple but we have been failing for almost 15,000 years (or more).

Reference: Educational efficiency rates in Colombia: coverage, enrollment, approval, failure and dropout (May 2023):< /span>


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